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Neumann M-49

Fiche technique

  • Fabricant : Neumann
  • Modèle : M-49
  • Catégorie : Micro statique à tube à large membrane
  • Fiche créée le : 17/07/2005
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Neumann M 49  Multi-Pattern Tube Condenser Microphone

Source :

The M 49 was a multipattern large-diaphragm tube microphone with an important new innovation: the mic’s pickup pattern could be adjusted remotely, by a dial on the power supply.

Another new innovation was that the mic maintained nearly equal sensitivity and output level across patterns — unlike the U-47, for example, which was 5dB hotter in Cardioid than Omni.

Neumann M-49Maintaining output level required a change in the polarization voltage circuitry. Whereas the U-47’s circuit would disconnect the capsule’s rear diaphragm in Cardioid mode, in the M 49 both diaphragms were always polarized — the front at a constant 60Vdc, and the rear from 0Vdc to 120Vdc. When set to Cardioid, the rear diaphragm polarization voltage was 0Vdc.

Like its omnidirectional sibling, the M 50, the M 49 was initially released with a Hiller MSC2 tube, soon replaced by the Telefunken AC701 subminiature triode.

The two mics are nearly identical in appearance; the primary distinguishing cosmetic feature is the color of the “jewel” above the Neumann badge. On the M 49, the jewel is red.

Output impedance was wired at 200 Ohms from the factory. The product manual advised that “by changing two links on the output transformer, the amplifiers can be easily changed to 50 Ohms whereby the output voltage falls by 6dB.”

Neumann M49 and M50 capsulesThe capsule in the original version of the M 49 was Neumann’s PVC-diaphragm M7. This was subsequently replaced (as in the U47) with the Mylar-diaphragmmed K49. (The K49 was K47 capsule, identical in every respect but the name.)

Production M 49 microphones incorporated the following major component changes:

  • 1951 - Hiller MSC2 tube, M7 capsule
  • 1954 - MSC2 replaced by Telefunken AC701
  • 1956 - M7 replaced by K49 capsule
  • 1958 - the M49b incorporated a new “BV11” transformer and some circuit-value changes, according to Klaus Heyne.
  • 1961 - for the broadcast market, the M49 was fitted with a 7-pin Tuchel connector and redesignated M 249.


Klaus Heyne

All M49 models after 1957 had a “cardioid only” switch built in, to achieve a 4dB s/n improvement [as compared to setting the pattern] remotely, from the power supply.

The M 49 was discontinued in 1974.

M49 capsule/circuitry photo credit: Oliver Archut

The Neumann M 49 is also known as: M49, B-M49.

The mic was released in 1951.

Frequency Response - OmnidirectionalClick Graph to Compare!
M 49 Omnidirectional Frequency Response Chart
Frequency Response - CardioidClick Graph to Compare!
M 49 Cardioid Frequency Response Chart
Frequency Response - BidirectionalClick Graph to Compare!
M 49 Bidirectional Frequency Response Chart
Pickup Patterns Pads & Filters
Omnidirectional (n/a mV/Pa; 40 - 16,000 Hz)
Cardioid (n/a mV/Pa; 40 - 16,000 Hz)
Bidirectional (n/a mV/Pa; 40 - 16,000 Hz)
Capsule Dimensions Impedance SPL/Noise
Diameter n/a 200 Ohms (Low) Max SPL: 125 dB
Weight Length Max Diameter Interface(s)
800g (28.22oz) 163mm (6.42'') 80mm (3.15'')
  • 3-pin XLR male (1)
Power Specifications
  • Includes tube power supply
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Autres dénominations : m 49, m49